Professor Emanuel V. Towfigh

Publications

I. Books / Monographs

  1. Monographic Commentary on Art. 21 Basic Law – Political Parties [German](with J. Keesen and J. Ulrich), in: Kahl/Waldhoff/Walter (Eds.), Bonner Kommentar zum Grundgesetz, Heidelberg 2020 (C.F. Müller), 488 pages, published with the 205. Update (July 2020)
  2. The Paradox of the Parties. A contribution on the relationship between democracy and political parties [German], Habilitation thesis, Jus Publicum Series, vol. 244, Tübingen 2015 (Mohr Siebeck)
  3. The Legal Constitution of Religious Communities. A Survey by the Example of the Bahais [German], Dissertation thesis, Jus Ecclesiasticus Series, vol. 80, Tübingen 2006 (Mohr Siebeck); out of print, 2nd Edition in preparation (forthcoming June 2021)
    • 2005 Award for the best doctoral dissertation in the field of Law at the University of Münster
    • Reviewed by
      • Droege, Zeitschrift für evangelisches Kirchenrecht (ZevKR) 2008 (vol. 53), pp. 365 et seq.
      • Wolff, Juristenzeitung (JZ) 2007 (issue 4), pp. 184 et seq.
      • Thielmann, Archives de sciences sociales des religions (ASSR) 138 (2007) [online]
      • Schukalla, pogrom 244-245 (issue 5-6/2007), p. 82
      • Hommens, Archiv für katholisches Kirchenrecht (AfkKR) 2006, pp. 323 et seq.
      • Schaefer, Bahá’í-Nachrichten (BN) 2006, issue July/August, p. 28
      • Janz, De Processibus Matrimonialibus (DPM) 13 (2006), pp. 612 et seq.

II. Textbooks

  1. Economic Methods in Law. An Introduction for Lawyers (with N. Petersen) [German], Tübingen 2010 (Mohr Siebeck); 2nd Edition Tübingen, 2017 /Mohr Siebeck)

III. Co-Editorships – Journals, Book Series and Blogs

  • Co-Editor in Chief, German Law Journal (GLJ)
    https://germanlawjournal.com – full open access journal, no article processing charges
    since 2019 published by Cambridge University Press; 2000 – 2018 independent publication
    since 2016 Co-Editor in Chief, 2013 – 2015 Senior Editor, 2011/2012 Associate Editor
  • Co-Editor in Chief, monograph series Computational and Quantitative Methods in Law
    Bilingual (German/English), Baden-Baden, forthcoming 2021 (Nomos)
  • Member of the Board of Advisors “Kirche und Recht” [Church and State, German] Law Review (since 2016)
  • Co-Editor, Blog “Rechts|Empirie” / “Law’s|Empirics” (German/Englisch)
    https://legalempirics.com/ – since 2019, with J. Frankenreiter und H. Hamann
  • Co-Editor, Blog “Zur Geschäftsordnung” [blog on the Law of Parliament, German]
    https://zurgeschaeftsordnung.de/ – since 2017, with H. Sauer, J. Krüper et al.
  • Executive Editor, Zeitschrift für Bahá’í-Studien [Journal for Bahá’í Studies, German] (2005-2013)
    with A. Eschraghi

IV. Edited Volumes

  1. Traditions, Myths and Utopias of Personhood: Special Issue, German Law Journal, Vol. 18 (5)
    Responsible Special Issue Editor, with Guest Editors Toni Selkälä and Mikko Rajavouri
  2. Law and Market – The Interrelation of two Orders (with K. U. Schmolke et al.) [German]
    Baden-Baden (Nomos) 2009

    • Reviewed by:
      • Adams, DVBl. 2010 (issue 15), p. 965 et seq.
  3. Islam and Consisution Protection (with J. Oebbecke and B. Pieroth) [German]
    Frankfurt (Peter Land) 2007

    • Reviewed by:
      • Rösener, Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft (ZPol), Bibliographie (online, 24 June 2008)
      • Pfahl-Traughber, Freiheit und Recht 2008 (issue 1/2 2008), p. 30
  4. The Position of Women in Muslim Religious Education (with J. Oebbecke, M.S. Kalisch)
    Frankfurt (Peter Land) 2007

    • Reviewed by:
      • Weber, NVwZ 2008 (issue 8), p. 864
      • Parhisi, ZAR 2008 (issue 5/6), pp. 199 et seq.

V. Journal Articles

  1. Making Open Access Viable Economically (with A. Hyde and R. A. Miller)
    in: German Law Journal(GJL), Vol. 21 (2020), issue 6, pp. 1129 – 1133
  2. The Development of the Relationship between Bahai-Law and German State Law. A Study on approaches to conflicts of law [German]
    in: Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte (ZRGG), 72 (2020), issue 3, pp. 286 – 310
  3. The legal constitution of the Bahai Faith. A theological groundwork of the Bahai-law [German]
    in: Kirche & Recht, Beiheft 1/2019, pp. 89 – 112
  4. Integrating Theories of Law Obedience: How utility-theoretic factors, legitimacy, and lack of self-control influence decisions to commit low-level crimes (with B. Waubert de Puiseau and A. Glöckner)
    in: Judgement and Decision Making (JDM) [peer reviewed], Vol. 14 (2019), issue 3, pp. 318 – 334
  5. The effects of gender an migration on state exam grades in law [German] (with C. Traxler and A. Glöckner)
    in: Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Rechtswissenschaft (ZDRW) 2018, pp. 115 – 142

    • Media Reception
      • Exclusive upfront: Ungerechte Notenvergabe in der Juraprüfung (mbr, ZEIT online, 25 April 2018)
      • Reichstetter, Louisa, Ungerechte Rechtswissenschaft. Frauen haben es im Staatsexamen schwerer. Ein Gespräch mit dem Juristen Emanuel Towfigh, DIE ZEIT Nr. 18 v. 26. April 2018, Chancen, S. 67 (online bei ZEIT Campus)
      • Van Linden, Constantin, Kein kleiner Unterschied. Werden Frauen und Migranten bei der Benotung juristischer Examina diskriminiert?, F.A.Z. No. 97, 26 April 2018, Zeitgeschehen, p. 8 (online)
      • Männer bekommen leichter ein Prädikatsexamen, Spiegel Online, 26 April 2018
      • Reinsch, Melanie, Jura-Examen Frauen werden schlechter beurteilt als Männer, Berliner Zeitung = Frankfurter Rundschau = Kölner Stadtanzeiger (online 26 April 2018, Berliner Zeitung = Frankfurter Rundschau = Kölner Stadtanzeiger)
      • Fiebig, Peggy, Werden Frauen und Migranten dis­kri­mi­niert?, Legal Tribune Online (LTO), 27 April 2018 (online 27 April 2018)
      • Frauen in der Juraprüfung benachteiligt. Studie zur Benotung im mündlichen Examen, Tagesspiegel No. 23 453, 27 April 2018, Wissen & Forschen, p. 15
      • Schlechtere Noten für Frauen, Handelsblatt No. 84, 2 May 2018, Wirtschaft & Bildung, p. 10 (Barbara Gillmann, online 1 May 2018)
      • Mader, Fabian/ Bader, Nadine/ Eichmann, Eva/ Ringer, Margit/ Wipperfürth, Heike, Benachteiligung im Jurastudium: Frauen und Migranten schneiden schlechter ab, das Campusmagazin, 6 May 2018
      • Benachteiligung im Staatsexamen?, Rheinische Post, 7 May 2018
  6. The second awarding of the corporation status towards religious communities [German] (with L. S. Otto)
    in: Zeitschrift für das Juristische Studium (ZJS) 2017, issue 5, pp. 553 – 565
  7. Can religion be legally effective with view to the right to life? [German](with R. Herberg)
    in: Zeitschrift für Lebensrecht (ZfL) 2017, issue 1, pp. 2 – 13
  8. Network Analysis and Legal Scholarship (with N. Petersen)
    in: German Law Journal (GLJ) [peer-reviewed], Vol. 18 (2017), issue 3, pp. 695 – 700
  9. Rational Choice and Its Limits
    in: German Law Journal (GLJ) [peer-reviewed], Vol. 18 (2016), issue 5, pp. 763 – 778
  10. Measurement Accuracy and Fairness in State Exams [German] (with A. Glöckner)
    in: Anwaltsblatt (AnwBl) 2016, issue 10, pp. 706 – 709
  11. No Party – No Rights? A Written Exam in Constitutional Law [German] (with K. Schönfeldt )
    in: Juristische Ausbildung (Jura) 2016, issue 11, pp. 1321-1331
  12. Do direct-democratic procedures lead to higher acceptance than political representation? (with S. Goerg, A. Glöckner, P. Leifeld, A. Llorente-Saguer, S. Bade, C. Kurschilgen)
    in: Public Choice, Vol. 167 (2016), Issue 1-2, pp. 47 – 65 [peer-reviewed]

  13. “No Man Can Serve Two Masters”: On Public Enterprises in Private Legal Form [German]
    in: Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt (DVBl.) 2015, issue 16, pp. 1016 – 1023
  14. Decisions Between “Intuition” and “Rationality”. Insights from Cognitive Sciences on the Role of a Sense of Justice and Methodological Scrutiny [German](with A. Glöckner)
    in: Deutsche Richterzeitung (DRiZ) 2015, issue July/August, pp. 270-273
  15. “Only When the Form Grows Clear to You, Will the Sprit Become So Too.” – On the Constitutional Requirement of Normative Clarity [German]
    in: Juristische Arbeitsblätter (JA) 2015, issue 2, pp. 81 – 86
  16. Sticky Rebates. Target Rebates Induce Non-Rational Loyalty in Consumers (with A. Morell and A. Glöckner)
    in: Journal of Competition Law and Economics (JCLE) [peer-reviewed], vol. 11 (2015), issue 2, pp. 431-461 [SSRN]
  17. Empirical Arguments in Public Law Doctrine. Should Empirical Legal Studies Make a ‘Doctrinal Turn’?
    in: International Journal of Constitutional law (ICON) [peer-reviewed], vol. 12(3)(2014), pp. 670-691
  18. First Impressions Are More Important Than Early Intervention. Qualifying broken windows theory in the lab (with C. Engel et al.)
    in: International Review of Law and Economics (IRLE) [peer-reviewed], vol. 37(1) (2014), pp. 126 – 136
  19. On Grading in the Preparation for the State Exam and in the State Exam. An Empirical Analysis [German] (with C. Traxler, A. Glöckner)
    in: Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Rechtswissenschaft (ZDRW) 2014, issue 1, pp. 8 – 27 (online supplement)

    • Reviewed/commented by:
      • Martenstein, Über Frauen, Juristen und Chihuahiahuas, ZEIT Magazin, 8 May 2014, p. 6
      • van Lijnden, Benotung von Übungsklausuren und Staatsexamen: Frauen und Migranten im Nachteil, Freischüssler vorn, Legal Tribune Online, 16 April 2014 [PDF]
      • Wölker, Diskriminierung von Jura-Studentinnen?, Campus Radio Q, “Coffeeshop” (radio), 16 April 2014, 10.10am (you can listen to a recording here)
      • Haunhorst, Sexistische Juristerei?, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Magazin “Jetzt”, 15 April 2014  [PDF]
      •  Lüpke-Narberhaus, Diskriminierung im Jura-Studium: Im Zweifel für den Mann, SPIEGEL ONLINE, 14 April 2014 [PDF]
      • dpa-Meldung (news agency report), 14 April 2014: “Trotz besserer Abiturnote schließen Frauen Jura oft schlechter ab”
      • Senol, Prüfung im juristischen Staatsexamen: “Hier liegt es nahe, eine Diskriminierung anzunehmen”, MiGazin, 4 April 2014 [PDF]
    • In the political debate in North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Question 2630 to the State Government (LT-Drs. 16/6657), and Response (LT-Drs. 16/6922)
      • Question 2314 to the State Government (LT-Drs. 16/5888), and Response (LT-Drs. 16/6073)
    • In the political debate in Lower Saxony
      • Question to the State Government (LT-Drs. 17/3571)
  20. The Appropriateness of Performance Bonds in urban Development Contracts [German] (with K. Chatziathanasiou)
    in: Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt (DVBl.) 2013 (issue 2), pp. 84 – 92

  21. Dangerous Games. The Psychological Case for Regulating Gambling (with A. Glöckner, R. Reid)
    in: Charleston Law Review (Charleston L. Rev.), vol. 8(1) (2013), pp. 147-189

    (Working Paper Version: NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 12-24)[SSRN]
  22. Development of Legal Expertise (with A. Glöckner, C. Traxler)
    in: Instructional Science (Instr. Sci.) [peer-reviewed], vol. 41(6) (2013), pp. 989-1007 (open access)
  23. Game Over. Empirical Support for Soccer Bets Regulation (with A. Glöckner)
    in: Psychology, Public Policy, and Law (PPL)[peer reviewed], vol. 17(3)(2011), pp. 475 – 505 (SSRN)
  24. Skilful Gambling. Sports Bets As a Borderline Case of Gambling Law [German] (with A. Glöckner)
    in: JuristenZeitung (JZ) 2010, vol. 65(21), November 2010, pp. 1027 – 1035

    • Reviewed/mentioned by:
      • Constitutional Court of Austria, VfGH 26/2013 u.a. from 27.06.2013, at para. 54
      • Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), 1. September 2010, p. N3
      • Die Zeit online, 14 October 2010
      • MaxPlanckResearch, issue 1|2011, p. 61
      • Niehnus, LexisNexis Law Reviews, 17 December 2010
  25. Complexity and Normative Clarity – or: Statutes Are Made for Lawyers [German]
    in: Der Staat, vol. 48(1), April 2009, pp. 29 – 74 (SSRN: Abstract [English] | Text [German])

    • Reviewed by:
      • Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (F.A.Z.), 29 April 2009, p. N4
      • Ewer, Der Anwalt als Übersetzer – oder: Profis für Komplexität, AnwBl 2010 (issue 5), p. 297
  26. Religious Plurality in the Society: Some Legal Policy Remarks on Headscarf & Co.
    in: Zeitschrift für Bahá’í-Studien (ZBS)[peer-reviewed] 11 (2006), pp. 25 – 47
  27. Religious Education in Public Schools in North Rhine-Westphalia [German]
    in: SchulVerwaltung NRW 2006, issue 12, pp. 343 – 345
  28. Religious Education in Public Schools. The Federal Administrative Cout’s Ruling of 23 Feb 2005
    in: Nordrhein-Westfälische Verwaltungsblätter (NWVBl.) 2006, issue 4, pp. 131 – 136
  29. Individual Rights Protection against Administrative Decisions in the People’s Republic of [German]
    in: Journal für Ostrect (JOR), vol. 45 (2004), issue 1, pp. 89 – 102
  30. Arbitration in the People’s Republic of China [German] (with T. Beuchert)
    in: Recht der Internationalen Wirtschaft (RIW) 2002, issue 12, pp. 902 – 908

VI. Book Chapters

  1. The General Status of Religious Communities in German Constitutional Law [German]
    in: Pirson/Rüfner/Germann/Muckel (eds.), Handbuch des Staatskirchenrechts der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 3rd Edition Berlin 2021 (Duncker), vol. 1, § 26, pp. 1019-1043
  2. Commentary on Artt. 4, 44-50, 96 of the Gerann Data Protection Regulation [German]
    (with J. Ulrich)
    in: Sydow (ed.), Handkommentar Datenschutz-Grundverordnung, pp. 862-927 and pp. 1388-1392
    Baden-Baden 2017 (Nomos); 2nd edition Baden-Baden 2018 (Nomos); 3rd Edition forthcoming December 2021

    • Reviewed by:
      • Kulow, RdW 20/2018, pp. 17 – 18
      • RDV 5/2018, p. 290
      • Wybitul, NVwZ 2019, p. 41
      • Curujew, K&R 12/2017, p. 7
      • K&R 12/2017, p. 322
      • Kramer, DSB 2/2018, p. 47
      • Dix, DuD 1/2018, p. 60
      • Ponelis, SRA 3/2018, p. 124
  3. Nudges Polarize! ( with C. Traxler)
    in: Kemmerer/Möller/Steinbeis/Wagner (eds.), Choice Architecture in Democracies. Exploring the Legitimacy of Nudging, Baden-Baden/ London 2016 (Nomos/Hart) pp. 323 – 327

    • Reviewed by:
      • Eva Kocher, Verhaltenslenkung durch sanfte Überredung-die Kunst des interdisziplinären Gesprächs, RW 2018, pp. 356 – 359
  4. The Law and Economics of Selected Instruments of Public Enforcement in Consumer Protection Law [German] (with K. Chatziathanasiou)
    in: Schulte-Nölke, Neue Wege zur Durchsetzung des Verbraucherrechts, Heidelberg 2017 (Springer),  pp. 93 – 126
  5. Political Parties and the Separation of Powers– Insights from Public Choice Theorie [German]
    in: Krüper/Merten/Poguntke (eds.), Parteienwissenschaften, Baden-Baden 2015 (Nomos), pp. 163 – 181
  6. Lemma “Bahai”
    in: Heinig/Munsonius (eds.), 100 Begriffe aus dem Staatskirchenrecht, 2nd edition, Tübingen 2015 (Mohr Siebeck), pp. 12 – 16
  7. Democratic Representation in the Party State [German]
    in: v. Ungern-Sternberg/Schröder (eds), Die Aktualität der Weimarer Staats- und Verwaltungsrechtslehre, Tübingen 2011 (Mohr Siebeck), pp. 211-234

    • Reviewed by:
      • Pauly, Der Staat 2012, Heft 2, p. 299 et seq.
      • Strenge, Journal der Juristischen Zeitgeschichte (JoJZG( 2013, issue 1, p. 36ff.
  8. English Version: Old Weimar Meets New Political Economy: Democratic Representation in the Party State
    in: German Law Journal (GLJ) [peer reviewed], vol. 13(3), pp. pp. 237-258 (SSRN)
  9. The Legal Framework for the Exercise of Religious Practice in Germany [German]
    in: Ucar (ed.), Die Rolle der Religion im Integrationsprozess. Die deutsche Islam-Debatte, Reihe für Osnabrücker Islamstudien, vol. 2, Frankfurt 2010 (Peter Lang), pp. 459 – 484
  10. Constitutional Law on Religions in the Pluralistic Society [German]
    in: Freundeskreis Rechtswissenschaft (ed.), Schlaglichter, vol. 5 (2006), Münster 2007,  pp. 33 – 52
  11. An Introduction to Chinese Corporate Law (with. Y. Yang) [German]
    in: Shao/Drewes (eds.), Chinesisches Zivil- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Hamburg 2001 (Institut für Asienkunde), pp. 95 –92

    • Reviewed by:
      • Heuser, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW) 2002 (issue 30), p. 2162
  12. The Long Way to Equal Treatment. Muslim Religious Education at Public Schools [German]
    in: Müller-Heidelberg et al. (eds.), Grundrechte-Report 2006: Zur Lage der Bürger- und Menschenrechte in Deutschland, Frankfurt 2006 (Fischer), pp. 89 – 92

VII. Book Reviews and Reports

  1. Stefan Schlegel, Der Entscheid über Migration als Verfügungsrecht. Eine Anwendung der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts auf das Migrationsrecht am Beispiel der Schweiz [German]
    in: Die Verwaltung 51 (2019), issue 4, pp. 602 – 605
  2. Christian Walter, Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, Stephan Lorentz, Die “Zweitverleihung” des Körperschaftsstatus an Religionsgemeinschaften. Eine überkommene Rechtspraxis auf dem Prüfstand von Grundgesetz und EMRK [German]
    in: Zeitschrift für evangelisches Kirchenrecht (ZevKR) 2013, issue 3/4, pp. 423 – 426
  3. Martin Eifert/Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem (eds.), Innovationsfördernde Regulierung [German]
    in: Der Staat 2012, pp. 295-297
  4. Law and Market. Between Legal Regulation of the Economy and Economization of the Law [German] (with N. Petersen et al.)
    in: Dalibor et al. (eds.), Festgabe 50 Jahre Assistententagung Öffentliches Recht, Baden-Baden (Nomos) 2011
  5. Volker Mittendorf, Die Qualität kollektiver Entscheidungen. Kommunikationsprozesse direkter und repräsentativer Demokratie im Vergleich [German]
    in: Feld et al. (eds.), Jahrbuch für direkte Demokratie 2011, pp. 328-330
  6. Report » Freedom – Security – Public«. The 48th Young Public Law Scholars Conference 2008 in Heidelberg [German] (joint work with N. Petersen)
    in: DÖV 2008, issue 14, pp. 591 – 594
  7. Carola Rathke, Öffentliches Schulwesen und religiöse Vielfalt [German]
    in: Nordrhein-Westfälische Verwaltungsblätter (NWVBl.) 2007 (issue 7), p. 232
    = NdsVBl. 2007 (issue 8), p. 232

VII. Working Papers and work in progress (selection)

  • Empirical Approaches to Proving Discrimination
    in: Mangold/Payandeh, Handbuch Antidiskiminierungsrecht, Mohr Siebeck (forthcoming fall 2021)
    Discussion Papers of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, 2021/2 (SSRN)
  • Democracy Without Parties?
    English book project, explaining the German habilitation thesis ideas to a larger int’l audience

IX. Blogposts & Varia (selection)

  • Online-Symposium »Empirical Turn« (with H. Hamann)
    RECHTS|EMPIRIE, 20.11. 2020, DOI: 10.25527/re.2020.06
  • #Ehrenmann: Diversity in Teaching [German]
    VerfBlog, 2020/07/23, DOI: 10.17176/20200723-115342-0
  • Trustworthiness and Justice [German]
    in: Korndörffer/Harriehausen (eds.), Apropos Werte, Frankfurt 2020 (F.A.Z.-Buch), pp. 146 – 152
  • Economic Analysis of the Preventive Administration of Justice in Civil Law Countries (with J. Frankenreiter)
    Legal opinion for the German Federal Chamber of Public Notaries
    Published online, separate scientific publication forthcoming
  • Boris Johnson’s Strategy of Assured Mutal Destruction: Crazy But Not Irrational
    VerfBlog, 2018/9/24, with a reaction by Ralf Michaels
  • Finest hour of intra-party democracy?
    Thoughts on “open” elections for CDU-Party-Leader [German] (with J. Keesen and J. Ulrich)
    VerfBlog, 2018/12/15
  • Contribution to and participation in a number of performances and video installations by the duo Herbordt/Mohren, » The Institution« and»The Play«
  • Initiation of a blog on academic careers with family, supported by the Young Academy and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
  • Numerous interviews for different Media